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Hoi An ancient Town
The ancient town of Hoi An, 32 km south of Danang lies on the bank of the Thu Bon River. Known to early Chinese, Japanese and Western traders, Hoi An was one of the major trading centers of Southeast Asia in the 16th century. Labeled by UNESCO as one of the Cultural Heritage in the World in 1999, Hoi An has distinctive ancient Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese architecture with low tiled-roof houses along narrow streets. The original structure of some of these is still virtually in tact. Many of the houses were constructed of rare timbers and decorated with lacquer panels engraved with Chinese characters and pillars carved with ornamental designs. Tourists can visit old pagodas, the roof-covered wooden bridge as well as the ruins of Sa Huynh and Cham cultures. They can also enjoy the beautiful scenery of the romantic Thu Bon River, Cua Dai Beach and Cham Island
My Son Holy Land
My Son is located 69 km southwest of Danang. This was an imperial city during the Cham dynasty, between the 4th and 12th centuries. My Son Sanctuary is a large complex of religious relics that comprises more than 70 architectural works. They include temples and towers that connect to each other with complicated red brick designs. The main component of the Cham architectural design is the tower, built to reflect the divinity of the king.
Each historical period has its own identity, so that each temple worshipping a genie or a king of a different dynasty has its own architectural style full of different impression. All of the Cham towers were built on a quadrate foundations and each comprises three parts: a solid tower base, representing the world of human beings, the mysterious and sacred tower body, representing the world of spirits, and the tower top built in the shape of a man offering flowers and fruits or of trees, birds, animals, etc., representing things that are close to the spirits and human beings.
After the My Son ancient tower complex was discovered, many of its artifacts, especially statues of female dancers and genies worshipped by the Cham people, worship animals and artifacts of the daily communal activities, were collected and displayed at the Cham Architecture Museum in Danang city. Although there are not many remnants left, those that remain display the typical sculptural works of cultural value of the Cham nationality. Furthermore, they are vivid proof, confirming the history of a nationality living within the Vietnamese community boasting of a rich cultural tradition.